In the present age, we need to accept the fact that Robotics & AI are unavoidable. While we leverage the services from Robotics and AI, we need to ensure that those are not operated illegally and harmfully to humans, In this article, I will elaborate on how we could ensure Robotics and AI are tuned to effectively perform intended tasks only and also more importantly for not doing the unintentional tasks.
Before we deep dive into how we could control Robots & AI effectively, and only for doing the intentional and legal activities which are programmed for them, let’s have a few statistics on Robots and AI.
Below infographics shows the size of the market for industrial robots worldwide from 2018 to 2022, with a forecast through 2028 (in billion U.S. dollars) –
The AI software market’s global annual revenue is currently over $50 billion.
Following are some of the industries that leverage robots
- In Healthcare for Robotic surgeries
- In the Military – for transportation, search, rescue, and attack
- In the Food industry processing the foods
As Robots are used in Surgeries, Military, and food processing, the probability of the Risk percentage is not Zero for sure. Considering even 1% of failure in surgery, military and food processing could be of big in impact and numbers, which is a high RISK.
Role of RBAC/SoD in Robotics and AI
Role Based Access Control (RBAC) and Segregation of Duties (SoD) play a key role in enforcing Compliance and Governance in the field of Robotics. When RBAC and SoD is implemented for Robotic devices, the RISK and the threat surfaces are defended to a greater extend. Following are few scenarios of Robots being operated illegally –
- Remotely controlled for illegal operations
- Programming Robots for unexpected behaviours
- Unauthorized access to Robots for executions
Implementation of Segregation of Duties to Robots and AI clearly give the directions to them on what the devices should do, most importantly what they should not do.
Robotic devices should not be operated remotely for the activities which are illegal in the operating surface. SoD polices will have to ensure, even if the instructions are coming from remote, that devices should have a capability to ensure they are cross-checking the polices, rules, and instructions which are configured to them locally. It is an imperative for the robotics & AI industry to have a global and local regulatory body that approves the usage of devices based on the operating environment after a complete review from the experts. The body should review that the devices are built and configured so that they could not be operated illegally by hackers.
Proactive and Reactive intelligence to devices should be incorporated so that they are functioning as per the instructions given by the legally authorized operators. This will ensure that the toxic combination of duties will not be done by the devices even if the commands are coming from an external threat. The administrators who handle the robotic devices should go through the RBAC process which will ensure access violations are restricted.
Disadvantages of Robotics
- Robots may be hazardous to humans when they malfunction or designed to work illegally. Robotics used in surgeries pose a high risk if they malfunction.
- Robots will not react to dynamic situations due to a lack of intelligence
- AI uses pre-fed data to give solutions
The need for Robotics & AI is vital for industries to evolve, handle the shortage of resources and bring the efficiency in the process and delivery. While we focus on bringing in operational excellence, the use of Robotics & AI should not be harmful to humans.